In Việt Nam

Inflection point of trust


According to Wikipedia, ‘Reasons why the country had successfully prevented the virus in the past being overrun is the Delta variant, this strain is more transmissible than the previous ones but the government still using outdated policies and practices. After using the old methods – which had been very successful before, proved ineffective and the number of infections kept increasing, the government became confused and constantly came up with inconsistent anti-epidemic policies making scientists, doctors, and medical experts unconvinced.

‘After losing the opportunity to show they are an excellent example in pandemic control, the government is left with the harsher option of controlling information to keep its public image.* Then a chain reaction emerges. When trust with the central government reduced, each locality applies its own anti-epidemic methods that they consider effective while people resist lock down protocols. As a result, the outbreak became more severe, straining health care capacity.[292]

‘Another reason is Vietnam’s slow vaccine rollout. After the success in suppressing COVID-19 in 2020, the authorities displayed complacency and not taking the opportunity to purchase vaccine and implement immunization program when the number of cases still low. As the Delta variant was rampaging in India and reaching Vietnam, the country’s communist party was still in undergoing a leadership transition. The 13th Party Congress ended in early February 2021, but cabinet positions were not filled until May and June to wait the National Assembly conducted its voting. This power change diverted the government’s attention away from the vaccine procurement campaign and disrupted anti-epidemic activities. The weaker response to the pandemic than the previous government because of an overemphasis on growth has a negative impact on Vietnam’s worldwide reputation, as well as on local trust in the administration, making a rocky start for Phạm Minh Chính‘s new government.[293][294][295].

*This. Is the inflection point, according to me.

At the end of the day, it’s about trust. Transparency and dependability. If you suppress information, that’s not a good sign. I’m thinking many things, reading reports of the things going on in Vietnam that are being published outside of Vietnam.

To be continued.

Vietnamese News Express

Found in the Field · Gallery

Truyện ngắn | Short story

Truyện ngắn | Short story

Mathias P. R. Redin


Regarding the concept of tight, short, and meaningful.
What can we learn from the short story?


S P A C E quests S P A C E


Curated by
Dipika Kohli

Artists names appear below each image


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

Truyện ngắn là độc tấu. Tiểu thuyết là giao hưởng. Tiểu thuyết hay truyện dài thì cứ triền miên theo thời gian, đôi khi có quãng hồi ức trở ngược lại. Truyện ngắn thì gây cho người đọc một nút thắt, một khúc mắc cần giải đáp. Cái nút đó càng ngày càng thắt lại đến đỉnh điểm thì đột ngột cởi tung ra, khiến người đọc hả hê, hết băn khoăn.


Short stories are the solos. Fiction is symphony. The short story is a literary genre, and usually the stories,  told in prose, tend to be shorter, more concise, and meaningful than longer stories like novels. Usually, short stories are only a few lines to several dozen pages in length, while novels are difficult to stop at that number. Therefore, the story situation is always the most important issue in the art of short stories.

Sunguk Kim

‘Short Story’ is the working title of an upcoming issue of S P A C E. Call for submissions will be shared through our membership community. Membership details are outlined at this page. More to make, more to say, more to share. When we get to the good conversation spaces, with the right people, in the proper time. Let’s converse? Let’s play.

Found in the Field

‘Reach your ocean’

Quickly, this week I have been in touch with more people than I usually am. Mostly they are in California. Stuff led to stuff, and then, this:

From twitter: Bridget Thoreson (@BridgetThoreson) August 27, 2021

I’m rejecting the career ladder metaphor in favor of the career river. Here’s why:

1. The ultimate goal of the career ladder is: reach the top.

2. The ultimate goal of the career river is: reach your ocean – a thriving, wide-open ecosystem fed by other rivers to explore.

More in S P A C E, next Tuesday. Membership info is here.


In Việt Nam

Không đường, và ít đá

Phan Toai

I drink a glass of orange juice. No sugar, and a little ice. You have to ask for no sugar. It’s important, or it might be too sweet for you. Please make a note of it, when you are in Saigon.

Tôi uống một ly nước cam. Không đường, và ít đá. Bạn phải yêu cầu không đường. Nó quan trọng, hoặc nó có thể quá ngọt ngào đối với bạn. Hãy ghi chú lại nó, khi bạn ở Sài Gòn.

New Cuizines is underway for a more focused start in September thanks to crowdfunding support. With the help of a small team of collaborators whom I have interviewed and prototyped small test work to see how we understand one another’s expectations and what works (and doesn’t) and if it’s a fit (or isn’t), I will publish New Cuizines in a series this fall. I’m still in Vietnam, after all, and for once, I’m kind of like, cool with that.

To begin, we will start with “the first intentionally designed ‘Third Place’ in Saigon.” I put something together about it at Behance. Here is a link.


'S' is for Sincerity

Get unstuck and set your vision

Are you in transition? Are you looking to start a new chapter?

Get to know DK and the way we work with people to walk through the process of going from A to ‘I’m not sure yet.’

‘It’s the discovery phase of any creative process that can yield a lot of great insights,’ says A. Spaice, ‘before you even make a step in any direction.’ Connect directly to work with DK’s original founding team members who started this kind of consulting work together in 1994.

Continue reading “Get unstuck and set your vision”

Found in the Field · In Việt Nam


Huong Le Thu writes:

‘Why is the country’s previous effective strategy not coping?

‘One reason is the delta variant shows a very different transmission pattern than the previous strains. Another is Vietnam’s slow vaccine rollout which can be attributed to a mix of factors.

‘The government showed a level of complacency — a common trap experienced by many countries that had initial successes in containing the virus, including Australia, Taiwan, and New Zealand. The lack of urgency due to the low infection rates before the arrival of the delta variant made Vietnam slow in securing a vaccine supply. The shortage of vaccines, particularly for less developed countries, further led to Vietnam’s protracted inoculation process. As the delta variant was spreading in India and reaching Vietnam, the CPV was still in undergoing a leadership transition. The 13th Party Congress concluded in early February, but the cabinet positions were not appointed until May and June when the National Assembly conducted its voting. Arguably, that power transition process distracted from and protracted the vaccine procurement campaign amidst global demand.

‘The authorities also thought they could afford to wait for development of homegrown COVID-19 vaccines, with four in the works: Nanocovax by Nanogen, Covivac by the Institute of Vaccines and Medical Biologicals (IVAC), and two others from the Vaccine and Biological Production Company No. 1 (Vabiotech) and the Center for Research and Production of Vaccines and Biologicals. Nanocovax, which passed three phases of human trials, is expected to seek emergency approval soon and be available by late this year.’


Images paired with stories about the pandemic here are originally published at: VietnamNews Express & VietnamNews.Vn

In Việt Nam


The number of people who died today, in Ho Chi Minh City.

Who were they? What stories did they leave? Who is grieving tonight in the city? It is a long distance from the end, here, for the covid fourth wave, looks like, emotionally.

Discussion links to follow on email for members of S P A C E. Personal stories from the pandemic to be shared in 2 weeks’ time. Gathering them now. Listening, feeling..

Gallery · In Việt Nam

A global pandemic? | Một đại dịch?

Pandemic | Dại dịch


Original photos from Vietnam News Express and, styled by DK


And we’ll grow it as a moral force in the world, finding out those terrible things before anybody else knows about them, and sending our response to them, so that next year, instead of us meeting here, lamenting how many terrible things there are in the world, we will have pulled together, used the unique skills and the magic of this community, and be proud that we have done everything we can to stop pandemics, other catastrophes, and change the world, beginning right now.

Phát triển nó thành lực lượng nhân đạo trên toàn thế giới, tìm ra những thứ tai hại trước khi ai đó biết về chúng, và gửi sự giúp đỡ tới họ, để trong năm tới, thay vì gặp mặt nhau ở đây, than thở về bao nhiêu điều tệ hại trên thế giới này, chúng ta sẽ hợp lực cùng nhau sử dụng những kĩ năng độc nhất và phép lạ của cộng đồng này, và tự hào rằng chúng ta đã làm hết sức để ngăn chặn các đại dịch bùng nổ, những thảm họa, và thay đổi thế giới bắt đầu ngay từ bây giờ.

The global pandemic your father believed was about to emerge. What factors determine the duration of a pandemic? A pandemic occurs when an outbreak affects many people over a wide area. There is plenty of evidence to support economic arguments for pandemic preparedness. Experience with past pandemics she says , show the H1N1 virus is likely to take on the behavior of a seasonal influenza virus and continue to circulate for some years to come. What factors determine the duration of a pandemic, we don’t really know. The cause of the devastating Spanish flu pandemic of 1918 was initially unclear. And it’s now not just the nuclear threat; in our interconnected world, network breakdowns can cascade globally; air travel can spread pandemics worldwide within days; and social media can spread panic and rumor literally at the speed of light.

Đại dịch toàn cầu mà bố cậu tin hoàn toàn sắp xảy ra. Các yếu tố nào quyết định thời gian kéo dài của một dịch bệnh? Đại dịch xảy ra khi nhiều người nhiễm bệnh trên một diện tích lớn. Có rất nhiều dẫn chứng có thể hỗ trợ cho luận điểm kinh tế của việc chuẩn bị ứng phó với dịch bệnhTheo kinh nghiệm từ những trận dịch trước đây bà cho rằng vi-rút H1N1 có thể chuyển sang dạng vi-rút cúm theo mùa và tiếp tục diễn biến trong vài năm tới. Chúng ta thực sự không biết những yếu tố nào quyết định điều đó. Nguyên nhân của đại dịch cúm 1918 ban đầu không rõ ràng. Giờ đây, không chỉ là hiểm họa hạt nhân; trong thế giới kết nối của chúng ta, sự sụp đổ internet có thể diễn ra ở phạm vi toàn cầu; đại dịch có thể lan khắp thế giới trong vài ngày bằng đường hàng không và mạng xã hội có thể lan truyền sự hoảng sợ và tin đồn với tốc độ ánh sáng theo đúng nghĩa đen.

Submit your story? Here’s a form.

Desk Notes

Gửi một câu chuyện của bạn

    Desk Notes


    Tickets go on sale tomorrow.

    For the opening reception of ‘You Don’t Know What You Don’t Know.’

    It’ll be a zoom call, with members of S P A C E invited, along with their guests.

    Register for a two-month membership to participate if you are curious about all things S P A C E and what we write about behind protected-page posts. It’s where it gets more interesting, because a conversation is way better than one-way, to us. For a two-month membership, here’s a link. 

    Thank you, to the curious amongst you, reading this. For being curious. It all starts there [deleted]..

    Art by Dipika Kohli

    In Việt Nam

    Dis & Misinformation

    I want to share something I found today online that sums up my feelings of what people say they’re seeing on the news about what’s going on here in Vietnam, and what it actually feels like to be here. Plus: this is the state of the city, here in Ho Chi Minh. 

    From Cuong Dang, via #hochiminhcity thread on LinkedIn. See:

    ‘Today is Monday August 23, 2021, first day of a complete lockdown of Ho Chi Minh city for the next 14 days. Government’s extreme effort is to hope life will resume normal by September 15. And they need our help.

    ‘Just mins [sic] after the announcement was made last Friday, I’ve seen misinformation being spread all over social media with photos of military tanks rolling around downtown, soldiers in uniforms and heavily armed getting ready for battles at airport and so on. ALL that you see is not true.

    ‘I did a bit of research and was informed these were photos of completely unrelated events [that] happened years ago and also some photos were even coming from the conflict in Myanmar earlier this year.

    ‘It is true that Vietnamese government is deploying thousands of troops to help with logistics, food deliveries, medical support among others. NOT getting ready for war. As you can see real photos on this post from Tuoi Tre Online.

    ‘Just a quick friendly reminder, ALWAYS check for sources from reliable media outlets and especially government agencies. If someone makes a questionable/alarming post on social media network with unclear source, never trust it. Spend a few minutes double checking its facts.

    ‘There are individuals out there taking advantage of the current situation to get more attention and views, we must always check for its legitimacy and stop spreading misinformation to avoid causing more distress for others…’

    100 Conversations · Gallery

    Tiếp biến | Transformation

    What is ‘acculturation?’

    Source: VDict


    • A process by which a person acquires the culture of the society that he/she inhabits
    • A process by which the culture of an isolated society changes on contact with a different one.
    • A process by which a person acquires the culture of the society that he/she inhabits, starting at birth.
    • Phenomena which result when groups of individuals of different cultures come into continuous contact, with subsequent changes in the original cultural patterns of either or both groups.
    • all the knowledge and values shared by a society
    • the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture; “the socialization of children to the norms of their culture”
    • the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure

    Yusuf Evli

    Immigrant Issues

    Source: Abstract of research work by J.E. Lansford, in Encyclopedia of Adolescence, 2011

    Acculturation and Identity


    Acculturation refers to the psychological and cultural adjustment that occurs within individuals, families, and cultural groups who come into contact with others from different cultural backgrounds.

    Mathew Schwartz

    Acculturation can be considered from the perspective of the extent to which relationships are sought between members of different cultural groups. If members of both cultural groups desire a relationship (e.g., the immigrant seeks daily interactions with the majority group, and the majority group is open to these interactions), integration is achieved. If members of neither cultural group want a relationship (e.g., the immigrant prefers to live only within the structures provided by the immigrant group, and the majority group does not encourage participation from the immigrant), the immigrant group is marginalized. If members of the immigrant group desire a relationship with the majority cultural group but the majority cultural group does not reciprocate, the immigrant group may assimilate into the majority group but lose their unique culture (e.g., a ‘melting pot’ phenomenon). If the majority culture is open to establishing a relationship with the immigrant group but the immigrant group does not reciprocate (e.g., the majority group does not discriminate against immigrants, but the immigrant chooses not to have daily interactions with the majority group), the immigrant group remains separate from the majority cultural group by their own desire.

    Mitchell Luo

    As immigrant adolescents are acculturating with respect to the country of destination, the larger society is making adjustments as a result of incoming immigrants. Acculturative experiences can vary, both to the degree to which immigrants enter into relationships with people and situations in the country of destination, and how much cultures adjust to new immigrants. From the perspective of the country of destination, a multicultural society results when immigrants are embraced into existing cultural structures but also encouraged to retain their cultural heritage from the country of origin. In contrast, a melting pot society results when immigrants are taken into existing cultural structures but discouraged from maintaining their own cultural heritage. On the other hand, a segregated society results when immigrants are excluded from existing cultural structures but are allowed to maintain their own cultural heritage. An exclusionary society results when immigrants are excluded from existing cultural structures and are also prevented from embracing their own cultural heritage within it; the most extreme example of an exclusionary society is one in which immigrants are deported to their country of origin.

    Therefore, acculturation can be conceptualized as a bidirectional interaction between the immigrant and majority cultural groups that can result in different levels of integration, marginalization, assimilation, or separation of the immigrant group. Some domains that are open to change during the process of acculturation are rather superficial, such as dressing, speaking, or eating in a particular way. However, other domains that are open to change are more deep-seated in values, beliefs, and worldviews.

    From the standpoint of an immigrant adolescent, the process of acculturation can have major implications for identity formation, one of the key developmental tasks of adolescence. Ethnic identity has been defined as a sense of belonging to one’s ethnic group. Adolescents whose acculturation results in integration have been found to have positive ethnic identities (derived from their country of origin) as well as national identities (derived from their country of destination). Adolescents whose acculturation can be characterized as separate have a positive ethnic identity but a negative or neutral national identity, typically are friends only with peers from their own cultural group, and speak the language from their country of origin rather than destination. Adolescents whose acculturation results in assimilation have a negative ethnic identity but a positive national identity, are friends with peers from the country of destination rather than from their own ethnic group, and speak the language from the country of destination rather than their heritage language. Adolescents whose acculturation results in marginalization have negative ethnic and national identity and appear to be diffuse and struggling with their sense of direction and purpose in their lives.

    Vishwasa Navada K

    Stress during the process of acculturation can result in psychological problems such as anxiety, depression, and feelings of uncertainty as well as behavioral problems such as aggression and delinquency. The most adaptive, as well as the most common, outcome of acculturation is integration, in which the adolescent participates in the majority culture without giving up his or her own cultural background. The least adaptive outcome of acculturation is marginalization, in which the adolescent struggles to identify with either the majority culture or the heritage culture. Marginalized adolescents often struggle with both internalizing and externalizing problems, whereas integrated adolescents have better mental health and fewer behavior problems.

    Developmentally, more mature ethnic identity is generally achieved over time from early to late adolescence for immigrant youth, beginning with an unexamined sense of identity and passing through an exploratory phase before achieving a commitment to a particular identity. As key socializing agents, parents can play an important role in the development of adolescents’ ethnic identity. For example, by discussing their cultural history, teaching about cultural traditions, speaking the language from the country of origin, and instilling ethnic pride, parents can increase adolescents’ sense of ethnic identity. Some of these processes, such as early exploration followed by commitment to a particular identity, are not unique to immigrant adolescents but rather are shared by most adolescents. Other processes, such as identifying with a group that is not the cultural majority, are shared by immigrant adolescents and nonimmigrant ethnic minorities. Other processes, such as a redefinition of identity that might occur as a result of moving from one country to another, are likely unique to immigrant adolescents.


    Tiếp biến văn hóa

    Source: Wikipedia

    Tiếp biến văn hóa giải thích quá trình thay đổi văn hóa và thay đổi tâm lý là kết quả theo sau cuộc gặp gỡ giữa các nền văn hóa. Những ảnh hưởng của giao lưu văn hóa có thể thấy được ở nhiều cấp độ trong cả hai nền văn hóa tương tác. Ở cấp độ nhóm, tiếp biến văn hóa thường dẫn đến những thay đổi về văn hóa, phong tục, và các tổ chức xã hội… Hiệu ứng cấp độ nhóm đáng chú ý của tiếp biến văn hóa thường bao gồm những thay đổi trong thực phẩm, quần áo, và ngôn ngữ. Ở cấp độ cá nhân, sự khác biệt trong cách cá nhân tiếp biến văn hóa đã được chứng minh có liên quan không chỉ với những thay đổi trong hành vi, đối xử hàng ngày, mà còn với nhiều phạm vi phúc lợi về tâm lý và thể chất. Trong khi thuật ngữ tiếp cận văn hóa (enculturation) được sử dụng để mô tả quá trình học tập văn hóa mới đầu tiên, tiếp biến văn hóa có thể được coi như là sự học tập (hấp thụ) nền văn hoá đó đợt thứ

    Discussion is gong on in S P A C E, which is our community online for deeper dialogues. This is just some background material for those who are going to be joining me on the next call for the conversation, ‘You Don’t Know What You Don’t Know.’ Details:

    Free for members. Membership information is here.

    A Philosophy of the Moment · Ideas of Curiosity

    S P A C E | Through curious eyes

    Loreal Prystaj:

    As an artist, it is important to create work that genuinely comes from within. This is the only way that a new and unique point of view is found. It is an easy trap for an artist to generate work she perceives her audience will like. True, the viewer ultimately determines the greatness of an art piece—great art impacts a vast spectrum of people. But a volatile audience cannot be predicted, hence great art is rarely a calculated guess, it is often an accident. The only way an artist can introduce new perspectives is continuing to be curious, ask questions, and explore. Seeing the world through curious eyes leads to new discoveries

    Publisher's Diary

    Make S P A C E with us

    Designers, artists, and writers in Vietnam are invited to send pieces to editors at S P A C E for publication consideration. The topics we are publishing relate to food, culture, and emotion. There are subcategories but these are the big themes for our Vietnam segment. Are you interested in being published or co-creating works with us? There are these opportunities.

    • 1 paid opportunity for a professional working translator, with native Vietnamese language skills, a flair for language, and reliability
    • Opportunities to be published in S P A C E are by invitation, only. We seek to work with people who are serious about their craft, gel with our local team in Saigon, and who are reliable.

    Get in touch with us through this form to ask about our projects and how you can be part of them.

    S P A C E | Vietnam is funded by new support for #spacethezine #newcuizines, see

    Photo: Hoang Thanh